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Bulgaria key facts

Bulgaria is not bigger than Switzerland and Austria, a very charming country situated in the Southeast Europe. Its strategic location at the crossroads of Europe, the Middle East, Russia and Asia offers good communication and transport links and gives it a high ranking on the ease of doing business. Apart of its huge potential for business, Bulgaria has a long history, rich culture and natural wonders besides its various climate. So there are many reasons to choose this mostly unknown country in EU as your next place to settle down.

Climate and Landscape

Sandy beaches, high mountains and unspoiled green, forested countryside – all just in 20 miles of each other. Nearly one third of Bulgaria is covered in forests! Located in the south-east side of Europe- Bulgaria is small, but rich in geographical diversity and landscapes. Covered almost 30% by mountains:  the Rhodopes, Pirin and Rila running across south-west country and the Balkans, cutting the north from south Bulgaria through its center provide excellent conditions for tourism and skiing. The mountains are very picturesque and unspoiled with large reserve of forests, alpines pastures and canyons. A number of ski resorts are built to welcome all willing “to touch” the beauty of the Bulgarian mountains.

To the north lies the Danube river plain, forming the country’s border with Romania. To the contrary of the south, the north is covered with lowland landscapes, producing prevailing part of cereals in Bulgaria – so called the barley of Bulgaria.

Apart from everything listed, Bulgaria has around 350 km coastline on the Black see with many stretches of fine sandy beach. The country has a number of  seaside resorts that attract tourists in the summer. Rest of the country is covered with forests and agricultural farms, producing world’s most succulent fruit and vegetables. Vineyards are covering a big part of the country with grapes used to produce wine.

All this diversity is a result of the favorable geographical and climatic conditions. The Bulgarian climate is temperate with warm summers and cold winters. The temperature during January are close and below to freezing and they are far lower in the mountain than at the seaside. The climate along the Black sea coast is warmer during the winter, almost without snow. Summer in the seaside is hot and the spring longer and warmer than in other parts.

History and Culture

Bulgarian culture has its deep roots in the thracian history: the Thracians had very sophisticated skills and beliefs. Their legacy survives in numerous tombs and gold treasures to reveal the amazing civilization of people rather more sophisticated than the “savage, blood-thirsty warriors” described by Herodotus.  The Bulgarians are historically well-known as “the Preussen des Balkans”.

People and Language

Bulgaria’s demographic structure is the European tendencies very much alike: the population counts 7.1 m over the last 10 years. Approximately 85% of the population are Bulgarians, other major ethnic groups are Turkish (8.8%), Roma (4.9%) and about 40 small minority groups totaling 0.7%. The official language is Bulgarian, which is the native language for the great part of the country’s residents, written in Cyrillic alphabet. The Cyrillic alphabet was invented in the 9th century AC and is the third official alphabet in the EU.

Most young people speak English or another foreign language. Levels of literacy are high and Bulgaria has a large educated population. About 70% of the population is urban and the capital Sofia is the largest city with a population of 1.2 million, followed by Plovdiv -the second biggest and one of the most ancient world’s cities, chosen as the European capital of Culture for 2019. 

Interesting facts about Bulgaria

Bulgaria has one of the best internet speed in Europe. 2017 Bulgaria ranked at the 20th position in the global Net Index Explorer for broadband internet accessibility and speed. There is not only fast internet, there’s also free Wi-Fi almost everywhere!

There are many 24 hours shops. So if you need drinks, cigarettes or just food in the middle of the night, you don’t have to walk across the whole city to get some. Stores and supermarkets don’t close on Sundays!

Bulgaria is famous for its Rose oil. It is used for making some of the world’s most popular and expensive perfumes and cosmetics.

The healing qualities of Bulgarian mineral springs. They have been known for ages and since Rom’s times have been used for therapy. The good news is: it does not cost you a fortune to visit them. Therefore, the SPA and wellness tourism in Bulgaria is affordable and awesome.

You should definitely experience the feeling of being completely lost in a “yes-no” conversation with a Bulgarian. Bulgaria is the only country in the world where people shake their heads to mean yes and nod for no!

Bulgaria ranks third in Europe- after Greece and Italy- for the number of it’s valuable archaeological monumentsSofia’s architecture is an interesting mixture of old architecture, concrete buildings and modern skyscrapers. Each part tells a different story and there is a lot to explore.

The capital Sofia is situated just in 15 minutes away from a mountain- the Vitosha mountain. It is about 2000 m. high and nearby is the Pancharevo lake.

Even if you have not heard of the “Mystery”of the Bulgarian voices, you should know that the Bulgarians have one of the richest folk heritage in the world. Bulgarian folk music and dances base on a classical harmony and rhythm which are being taught in academic circles.

Cost of living

After joining the EU over the past 10 years, Bulgaria’s economy has grown, unemployment has fallen under 5% and the inflation rate is under 3%. The cost of living per month can be as low as $650 for those locals living on a budget, and scale up from there to $1,000 per month for a middle class life, and $2,000 for a lot of luxury.





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